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Packet Captures

Showing 26 - 45 of 45

BGP_MP_NLRI.cap 2.9 KB

Submitted Jun 28, 2010

IPv6 routes are carried as a separate address family inside MP_REACH_NLRI attributes.

BGP Ethernet IP IPv6 TCP

Packets: 24 Duration: 60s Downloads: 16615

TCP_SACK.cap 27.5 KB

Submitted Jun 16, 2010

A TCP SACK option is included in packets #31, #33, #35, and #37. The missing segment is retransmitted in packet #38.

Ethernet HTTP IP TCP

Packets: 39 Duration: n/a Downloads: 26834

4-byte_AS_numbers_Mixed_Scenario.cap 414 bytes

Submitted Apr 30, 2010 by pierky

Router "B" (AS 2) at does not support 4-byte AS numbers, while router "A" (AS 10.1 / 655361) at does.

Router "A" receives an UPDATE for the subnet from an external router ("D") in the AS 40.1 / 2621441 (not shown), and it forwards it to "B" (pkt n. 2): AS_PATH contains "23456 23456" (the first stands for AS 10.1, the second for the originating AS 40.1), but NEW_AS_PATH contains the real 4-byte AS numbers.

At pkt n. 3 "B" receives the same subnet directly from "D" and sends it to "A", including the original NEW_AS_PATH attribute previously appended by "D".


Packets: 4 Duration: 60s Downloads: 9551

4-byte_AS_numbers_Full_Support.cap 1.2 KB

Submitted Apr 30, 2010 by pierky

Router at (hostname "D", AS 40.1 / 2621441) clears a previous established peering with (hostname "A", AS 10.1 / 655361); They both support 32-bit ASN.

While opening the new session, they negotiate the "Four-octet AS Number Capability" (pkts n. 2 and 3).

Then, both "A" and "D" send some UPDATEs containing 4-octect encoded AS_PATH attributes (pkts n. 6 and 9). Please note: WireShark may show wrong paths unless you force 4-byte encoding in the Preferences / Protocols / BGP options.


Packets: 9 Duration: 56s Downloads: 8906

LDP_Ethernet_FrameRelay.pcap.cap 2.1 KB

Submitted Dec 5, 2009 by pierky

LDP with pseudowire FEC elements (Ethernet and Frame-Relay DLCI-to-DLCI)


Packets: 14 Duration: 7s Downloads: 9652

BGP_MD5.cap 1.7 KB

Submitted Nov 26, 2009

An EBGP with TCP MD5 authentication enabled

BGP Ethernet IP TCP

Packets: 16 Duration: 61s Downloads: 10882

BGP_redist.cap 378 bytes

Submitted Oct 28, 2009 by colinbsd

The OSPF metric is preserved and propagated within the MPLS cloud by the MP-BGP MED attribute.


Packets: 2 Duration: n/a Downloads: 10068

EoMPLS.cap 7.0 KB

Submitted Oct 12, 2009 by pierky

Routers at and are PEs in a MPLS cloud. LDP starts at packet 8 and they build up a pseudo-wire VC (last FEC in packets 11 and 13). At packet 15 we already have STP running between CE1 and CE2 (two routers with ESW), encapsulated in 2 MPLS headers. All the ethernet stuff follows: CDP, ARP, ICMP between two hosts on the same subnet.


Packets: 56 Duration: 32s Downloads: 11498

telnet.cap 9.4 KB

Submitted Sep 14, 2009

Telnetting from one router to another. Note that all communication is visible in clear text.

Ethernet IP TCP Telnet

Packets: 74 Duration: 10s Downloads: 10029

TDP.cap 2.8 KB

Submitted Sep 14, 2009

P2 and PE2 exchange Tag Distribution Protocol hellos and form an adjacency over TCP port 711.


Packets: 33 Duration: 47s Downloads: 6408

SSHv2.cap 11.4 KB

Submitted Sep 14, 2009

An SSH version 2 session between two routers. All communication is securely encrypted.

Ethernet IP SSH TCP

Packets: 90 Duration: 7s Downloads: 45567

PPP_TCP_compression.cap 1.5 KB

Submitted Sep 14, 2009

A telnet session is established to across a PPP link performing TCP header compression. The user at logs in with the password "cisco" and terminates the connection.


Packets: 43 Duration: 3s Downloads: 6503

MSDP.cap 4.1 KB

Submitted Sep 14, 2009

R2 and R3 become MSDP peers and exchange keepalives. A multicast source begins sending traffic to group, and R2 begins sending periodic source active messages to R3. Capture perspective is the R2-R3 link.

Ethernet IP MSDP TCP

Packets: 35 Duration: 391s Downloads: 6326

LDP_adjacency.cap 5.7 KB

Submitted Sep 14, 2009

PE1 and P1 multicast LDP hellos to on UDP port 646. They then establish an adjacency on TCP port 646 and exchange labels.


Packets: 61 Duration: 108s Downloads: 9751

IBGP_adjacency.cap 2.3 KB

Submitted Sep 14, 2009

Routers 3 and 4 form an internal BGP relationship. This is evidenced by the OPEN messages in packets #4 and #5, which show both routers belong to the same AS (65300). Also note that IBGP packets are not subject to a limited TTL as are EBGP packets.

BGP Ethernet IP TCP

Packets: 17 Duration: 63s Downloads: 7940

EBGP_adjacency.cap 2.7 KB

Submitted Sep 14, 2009

The external BGP adjacency between routers 1 and 2 is brought online and routes are exchanged. Keepalives are then exchanged every 60 seconds. Note that the IP TTL (normally 1) has been increased to 2 with ebgp-multihop to facilitate communication between the routers' loopback interfaces.

BGP Ethernet IP TCP

Packets: 24 Duration: 182s Downloads: 8162

BGP_soft_reset.cap 2.0 KB

Submitted Sep 14, 2009

R1 performs a soft bidirectional reset (clear ip bgp soft) on its adjacency with R2. The ROUTE-REFRESH message is visible in packet #7. Note that the TCP connection remains uninterrupted, and neither router views the reset as disruptive.

BGP Ethernet IP TCP

Packets: 17 Duration: 180s Downloads: 6761

BGP_notification.cap 764 bytes

Submitted Sep 14, 2009

R1 has been misconfigured to expect R2 to reside in AS 65100. R2 attempts to peer with R1 advertising itself correctly in AS 65200. R1 issues a NOTIFICATION in packet #5 citing a "bad peer AS" error and terminates the TCP connection.

BGP Ethernet IP TCP

Packets: 9 Duration: n/a Downloads: 7022

BGP_hard_reset.cap 3.2 KB

Submitted Sep 14, 2009

A hard reset (clear ip bgp) is performed on R1 for its adjacency with R2. Packet #7 shows R1 sending a packet with the TCP FIN flag set, indicating the connection is to be torn down. The TCP connection is then reestablished and UPDATEs are retransmitted.

BGP Ethernet IP TCP

Packets: 32 Duration: 208s Downloads: 6656

BGP_AS_set.cap 1.6 KB

Submitted Sep 14, 2009

Packet #15 includes a BGP update containing both an AS sequence and an AS set in its AS path attribute.

BGP Ethernet IP TCP

Packets: 18 Duration: 1s Downloads: 7991

Showing 26 - 45 of 45